What’s Your Two Strike Approach?

Written By: Gabe Dimock

Have you ever heard your coaches yell “two-strike approach” from the coaching box or dugout? What does that mean? Most of the time they are looking for their hitters to widen out, choke up, and just put the ball in play to avoid the dreaded strike out. Before deciding if this approach is positive for hitters, let’s take a look at the origin of this approach.

Young hitters have less coordination than older hitters which results in more swings and misses. Well-meaning coaches grew tired of watching their young hitters take the long walk back to the dugout. In order to fix this seemingly unfixable issue, coaches decided that hitting needed to be simplified. They decided that aggressive swings were allowed early in the count but that as soon as the hitter gets two strikes on them, they should do whatever it takes to make contact. Young hitters choked up, widened out, and swung slower than their regular, aggressive swing. The contact rate went up even though the hard contact rate likely went down due a lot of infield dribblers. Coaches and parents became ecstatic with the improvement especially after other uncoordinated young kids threw the ball all over the field and the hitter was rewarded with a “home run”. I had a nine year old come in and say that they won their championship game 24-17. I can only imagine the defensive miscues that must have occurred. But what happens when the kids mature and the defense improves? How will this once genius strategy work then?

Our answer: Not well.

As instructors, we develop our methodology based on the types of swings that play at the highest levels. Too many young players are taught defensive swings that help them become good eight, nine, or ten year olds but hinder their long term success and ultimately shorten their baseball careers. Obviously some adjustments can and should be made with two strikes to maximize value and reduce risk. Most of these adjustments lie in the mental aspect of the game. For instance, the strike zone should be expanded enough to minimize the risk of getting a called third strike. Successful two strike hitters almost always know which pitches they can drive and which they cannot. These hitters have the uncanny ability to foul off tough pitches until they get one they can crush. No two strike approach should involve changing mechanics that have been practiced and repeated over and over! In my opinion, the abandonment of one’s mechanics will almost always lead to more failure, not less. Let’s take a look at two MLB case studies who take vastly different two strike approaches.

Brandon Guyer

In my visit to a Tampa Bay Rays game I noticed a major two strike change in Rays outfielder, Brandon Guyer. The top video depicts Brandon Guyer with less than two strikes while the bottom video depicts him with two strikes.

BG <2 Strikes

BG 2 Strikes

I don’t love Guyer’s swing with less than two strikes but it at least shows some intent to hit the ball hard. Almost all of this intent is taken away when he gets behind in the count.  With less than two strikes, Guyer has a leg lift and turns with some authority. When Guyer has a two strike count, he widens out his stance, keeps his front foot down, and turns minimally. This was a trend I noticed on multiple at bats during this game. Some might say that he made contact and at least made the defense work but forget that his ceiling for success was greatly diminished. Over time, an aggressive approach with the possibility of a few more strikeouts and a lot more power would likely make Guyer a more valuable hitter for the Rays. It seems likely that Guyer was coached into this two strike approach at some point in his career. I wonder if his swing and his stats would be improved if he had a coach encourage him to stay aggressive as he battles with two strikes instead of being afraid to fail. Next we will take a look at the Bryce Harper, the polar opposite of Brandon Guyer and one of the most aggressive hitters on the planet.

Bryce Harper

Bryce Harper Front

Bryce Harper Side

Harper’s two strike swing is indistinguishable from his swing in other counts. While his mental approach may and should involve some adjustments, his swing and mentality maintain an aggressiveness that allows him to be one of the most productive two strike hitters in baseball. His two-strike OPS of .881 ranks second among hitters with more than 40 two strike at-bats.

The common two strike approach teaching that I have outlined thus far comes mainly from a fear of striking out. Many coaches and hitters see striking out as being the ultimate hitting failure. I think this needs to be remedied. If striking out is so awful then why are players like Reggie Jackson, Sammy Sosa, Alex Rodriguez, Manny Ramirez, and Ken Griffey Jr. all in the top 20 in strikeouts all time? At the front of our facility we have a picture of Babe Ruth (1330 career Ks) with the following quote:

Never let the fear of striking out get in your way.

While you can take steps to reduce strikeout totals, always give yourself the best chance to succeed. Remember that you have trained tirelessly to swing efficiently and powerfully. Don’t abandon hours upon hours of training just to produce weak contact. I’ve posted a Domingo Ayala video below because he brilliantly gives some insight on the subject of the two-strike approach.

Thanks for Reading!

Gabe Dimock – Baseball Rebellion Hitting Instructor

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10 thoughts on "What’s Your Two Strike Approach?"

  1. Ken De Marco says:

    You could have just shared Domingo’s video and that would have been sufficient. Comparing Bradon Guyer and Bryce Harper? What are you–semi-pro!?!

    1. Gabe Dimock says:


      Haha. Thanks for the comment. Guyer and Harper are obviously different caliber dudes. The idea for this article began when I saw Guyer play live. He repeatedly changed his approach for the worse with two strikes and got dominated. Regardless of talent, I wanted to include an MLB example of someone taking hacks with two strikes. Harper was the first and most aggressive guy to come to mind. I could have used Pederson, Gomez, Donaldson, Bautista, etc…

      -Gabe Dimock

  2. Ryan says:

    Good article. This philosophy of “2 strike approach” is a cancer in low level baseball. Heck, they teach this approach with NO strikes! “Just put the bat on the ball!”, you hear coaches yelling. Kids need to be taught if a pitcher is gonna beat them they’re gonna have to beat their BEST swing (the one they’ve spent hours honing), not a “try not to strike out” defensive swing they’ve spent almost zero time practicing…Domingo nails it yet again!

    1. Gabe Dimock says:


      Thanks for the comment! This is taught way too often. I’m glad to hear others are encouraging young players to swing hard.


  3. Evan says:

    Another guy who changes his approach is Jung-ho Kang. With
    less than to strikes, he has a huge leg kick. When he gets to two strikes, he has almost no stride at all. You wonder if he doesn’t have complete confidence in his ability to make contact with a leg kick.

    1. Gabe Dimock says:


      Thanks for the comment! I’ll have to check Kang’s at bats out. I like what he does normally. He has probably been told that the leg kick is too much movement with two strikes. I just looked at his two strike stats and they are not pretty. He is hitting .204 with an OPS of .555. Thanks again for commenting and adding valuable insight!


  4. Jeremy Anderson says:

    I couldn’t see the Domingo video. He may have addressed this.

    I think two-strike mental approach is important. Physically, the player should be swinging the same way every time they are up but mentally the two strike approach must be different.

    I personally teach that with two strikes, the player should always be mentally prepared to hit the inside fastball and react to everything else thinking up the middle and to the opposite field. If a player does not mentally prepare themselves for an inside fastball, if it comes, they are going to be caught looking. I also teach that if a pitcher comes inside with a fastball when the batter has two strikes, he is unlikely to come back with the same exact pitch twice in a row. You can eliminate 1/3 of the plate with this approach and significantly increase your two-strike success. Tip your cap if the pitcher comes twice in a row with that inside fastball.

    Every count and really the sequence within an at bat requires mental preparation. Ideally, the physical preparation has been done leading up to the game.

    Overall I agree…the physical swing should not change but the mental approach must be change during an at bat and in particular when the batter has a two strike count.

    -Jeremy Anderson

    1. Gabe Dimock says:


      Thanks for the comment and your insight. I agree that the mental process should be adjusted with two strikes as long as the physical is still aggressive. I try to shy away from prescribing one philosophy on mental two strike hitting because I think the mental approach should change based on the pitcher, game situation, etc… Thank you again for your comment and for reading. We would love to hear your thoughts on some of our other articles.

      -Gabe Dimock

  5. Coach Brown says:

    I have been coaching high school baseball for the last 15 years, and I am of the belief that no mechanics should change with two strikes bc there’s not enough time to master two different swings. I tell my players to change their timing and look for high probability two strike pitches in two strike locations. In high school baseball, the majority of two strike pitches are going to be low and away with a high probability of off speed. So, when we get those pitches we are ready to drive them. If the pitch is something else, we battle. Throughout the season, the law of averages takes over and our two strike success is pretty high. Also, to combat mechanic changes, I instruct my guys to look at and hit different parts of the ball depending on the situation bc i don’t want a ground out double play if we could have a one out fly ball or even the dreaded k. Again, the law of averages plays huge over a season.

    1. Gabe Dimock says:

      Coach Brown,

      Great Comment! This philosophy is smart and sounds well thought out.

      -Gabe Dimock

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