Is the Softball Swing Different from the Baseball Swing?

Written By: Chas Pippitt

"The Softball Swing is completely different than a Baseball Swing." This is a statement that I had heard before but it had never been directed specifically towards me. Truthfully, I brought this discussion upon myself because I asked a Softball player (we'll call her Sarah for confidentiality) if she wanted any help with her swing, unsolicited. I normally refrain from doing this since players, understandably, dislike criticism they are not looking for. The reason I did ask was that Sarah's brother had been attending lessons for months and had seen dramatic improvement from being engaged in the Baseball Rebellion program. While I was teaching a lesson to Sarah's brother, she was hitting in the adjacent cage. The differences in the swings from the two cages could not have been more noticeable. To Sarah's credit, she was following her instructor's teaching perfectly, swinging as directly to the ball as possible (creating a downward swing path.) Sarah was also following traditional teaching with other parts of her swing by squishing the bug with her back foot and finishing forward with her head over her front foot. The results of Sarah's swings were either weak grounders or pop-ups with a ton of backspin. In contrast, Sarah's brother was in the next cage swinging violently and using his entire body to maximize his force behind the ball.

This was the first time I had encountered siblings whose hitting focus and goals were so different. In an attempt to build a case for the baseball and softball swing being extremely similar (if not identical), I decided to look at the evidence.

The "Rise" Ball and Swing Plane

By far the most common argument used to advocate for softball players swinging down is the rise ball. While it is true that Softball players do pitch underhand from flat ground, very few strikes actually rise. Gravity is a powerful force. I recently asked a D1 collegiate softball pitching coach about the rise ball. She replied saying:

"Even our fastest pitchers use the rise ball as a show pitch"

What she meant by this is that the rise ball does rise but crosses the plate out of the strike zone. The pitcher simply hopes that the pitch entices the hitter to swing and miss underneath it. When instructing hitters on hitting a true rise ball, we usually instruct them to take it since it is highly unlikely that it will be a strike. Many pitchers claim a rise ball but they are really throwing a pitch that flattens out towards the middle to the top of the strike zone. These pitches result in a high percentage of home runs since they are easy to lift and softball fields are only about 200 feet. Below are two examples of collegiate players hitting "rise balls" that were left lower than intended and therefore flattened out. Both of these hitters are clearly swinging up which allowed them to demolish the ball for a home run!

Dicarlo GIF 2
Alyssa DiCarlo (Georgia)
Abbey Cheek GIF
Abbey Cheek (Kentucky)

As a pitcher's velocity approaches 70 MPH (extremely fast), it is possible to throw rise balls for strikes that actually do rise. I studied Kelly Barnhill from Florida. She is an elite level pitcher. Let's take a look at a couple of her rise balls below.

Barnhill R2
Barnhill R1

As I mention in the video above, Barnhill's rise ball does travel upward at about a 3-degree incline and crosses at the top of the strike zone. Due to the height and trajectory of the pitch, hitters can easily lift this pitch. The goal of a pitcher like Barnhill is to get the hitter to swing and miss underneath the ball or pop it up. It is rare for ground balls to be hit on a true rise ball. So what do we tell our hitters to do on the rare occasion that they face an elite pitcher with a true rise ball like Kelly Barnhill? We stress the importance of pitch selection because most of their misses will come from swings out of the zone. We also teach our hitters to flatten out their swing when swinging at a rise ball in the zone. This way, our hitters minimize their chances of missing under the pitch while maximizing their chances to drive the ball for an extra-base hit. This concept is something that we only have to address with our players who truly play at an elite level since the chances of most hitters facing a true rise thrown as a strike is extremely low.

Offspeed Pitches and Fastballs Under 65 MPH

There is no argument that slower fastballs and offspeed pitches travel down as they approach the batter due to gravity. So even if you are stuck on the idea of hitting the rise ball, hitters have to account for these other types of pitches. The best and most logical strategy on all downward traveling pitches is to swing upward to match the plane of the pitch and produce force that is likely to lead to the softball being lifted over the infield and potentially over the outfield fence. Below is an example of a softball pitch traveling down and being crushed by an upward swing.

Mulipola HR
Dejah Mulipola (Arizona)

Mound Distance and Leg Kicks

In our softball hitting evaluations, I often see hitters who have clearly been taught to keep their feet still/get their foot down very early. The primary rationale for this teaching in the softball community is that the softball pitching rubber (43 feet) is closer than the baseball mound (60 feet). While this is true, due to the softball pitch speed being slower than the baseball pitch speed, the reaction time for baseball and softball hitters are very similar. Just like in baseball, softball hitters find great success when they start early (before the pitch is released) and time the pitch with their turn rather than their front foot.

New Hugo GIF
Alex Hugo (Georgia)

As you can see, Alex Hugo begins her leg kick well before the pitcher releases the ball. This allows her time to get her body and energy moving without feeling rushed. While no softball or baseball hitter has to use a leg kick, it is certainly a viable option.

On Field Success

All the logic and theory in the world can sound great but it will be useless without practical application with real-world examples. We have had the privilege of working with hundreds of Softball players who have fully bought into using the Softball Rebellion methodology in their swings. This has resulted in millions of dollars in scholarships for our hitters due to their great on-field results. Below are just a few videos of our softball players utilizing what some may call a "baseball" style swing in games. We just call it swinging efficiently. The results are clear. If you are a softball player looking to take your swing to the next level, check out our in-person or online hitting lessons page here.

Hannah M FINAL
Hannah M.
Peyton Y.
Zoe R.
takia final
Takia N.

To all of our softball hitters (and parents) out there, don't be afraid to learn the high-level swings you see on TV! You are more than capable of swinging at a high-level and CRUSHING THE BALL!

4 thoughts on "Is the Softball Swing Different from the Baseball Swing?"

  1. Steve says:

    Great article, Gabe! I especially liked your discussion of the “rise” ball. I’ve been a softball pitching coach for 12 years. I don’t know if the ball actually rises, but the reason the ball defies gravity for 40 feet or so is that the elite pitchers create a very rapid, very tight 12:00-6:00 backspin. It’s meant to cross the plate above the top of the strike zone, so the best advice to the hitter is to always lay off the rise ball. Most other pitchers can’t spin the ball fast enough to keep the ball up, so the pitch just ends up being a high (hittable) strike.

    1. Gabe Dimock says:


      Thank you for your comment. It helps to know that a guy with your softball experience agrees!


  2. Rachel Gill says:

    Hi Gabe,
    I enjoyed reading your article. I am a sports performance chiropractic physician, softball hitting and catching instructor and director and coach of a nationally ranked select softball organization. The facility that we train at (All-Star Performance), have quite a few instructors who differ in opinion on this subject. I certainly agree with you in that there are minor differences in the swing, but the differences that everything to do with the difference between the games in general. Softball is a game of consistency and we have a strike zone that is much higher than baseball. Baseball instructors continue to talk about how we think the swing is different just because of the rise ball. Like you said in your article, very few players will actually gave a pitcher with a true rise ball, but they still have to be able to hit a ball higher in the zone because of the strike zone. In addition, there is no arguing that the approach has to be different based on where the ball in coming from. I would love to discuss more! We are always looking for ways to look at things differently in order to make our players better. Feel free to shoot me an email! Again, great article!

  3. Randy Watts says:

    Very good article, nice to hear the facts you’ve drawn about the “rise ball”. Some many people think differently that obviously haven’t studied it like you show. It does make sense that a pitcher would have to have extreme ball speed and spin to actually make the ball travel up.
    Thanks for the info!!

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